What to expect after hemorrhoid surgery? Hemorrhoid is a disease that often occurs in men and women. Hemorrhoid can be treated with several treatments, one of which is surgery.
Hemorrhoid surgery is the most effective way to treat severe and recurrent hemorrhoids. Generally, this medical procedure will be advised by a doctor if other treatments like internal or external hemorrhoid treatment at home are unsuccessful. Before undergoing hemorrhoid surgery, you should know the procedures and stages.
Hemorrhoid Surgery Procedure
Hemorrhoid surgery, also known as hemorrhoidectomy, will be performed for internal and external hemorrhoids that have a large size. Usually, this type of hemorrhoids has come out of the rectal wall to the anus, so it must be treated immediately.
This medical procedure can be performed under local anesthesia combined with sedatives. In some cases, spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia is also performed, depending on the condition of each patient.
Actually, hemorrhoids are a condition in which vein veins become inflamed and swollen so that it looks like a lump around the rectum. Therefore, in the surgical procedure to be performed is to remove the excessive and inflamed parts.
Usually, the doctor will surgery on a lump, then bind to the veins in hemorrhoid to prevent bleeding. This surgery is done using a scalpel, a cautery pencil, or a laser.
What To Expect After Hemorrhoid Surgery
After hemorrhoid surgery, when you are still undergoing anesthesia, you will be given a local anesthetic that must last 6-12 hours. This is done to reduce pain after surgery.
If after surgery, your condition improves and you have fully recovered from the effects of anesthesia, then you do not need to be hospitalized. But before going home usually, patients must be sure to urinate. Some people may have difficulty urinating, this is due to swelling of the tissue or pelvic muscle spasm.
Recovery After Hemorrhoid Surgery
Generally, the recovery process after surgery requires around two weeks. But if you want to really recover and move back to normal, recovery can take up to 3-6 weeks.
Many patients show that recovery from this type of surgery is very painful. Maybe some people still feel pain and discomfort for 2-3 weeks after surgery. But most patients begin to feel better at the end of the first week.
The doctor may give painkillers, such as acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen. In addition, the doctor may also recommend laxatives, stool softeners, or both to prevent hard bowel movements.
You also need to eat high-fiber foods to soften the stool and drink enough water during the recovery process (around 8-10 glasses per day). This is important to avoid constipation.
You may feel pain when bending, squatting, moving from standing to sitting position. Minimize painful activities as much as possible, especially in the first few days after surgery.
Follow-up examinations with the surgeon will usually be carried out 2-3 weeks after surgery to check the results of surgery.
Questions From Patients
Q: Hello doctor, five days ago I had a hemorrhoidal surgery. At the hospital, 2 days after the operation was allowed to go home. After I do surgery everyday blood comes out and usually when I wake up, comes out a little. Is blood harmful to health or injury after surgery? Then, have I been allowed to walk and squat? And what is the best treatment for hemorrhoidal surgery?
A: Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels in the anus which cause lumps, pain and bleeding when defecating. One way to treat hemorrhoids is by surgery. The following are some of the things you can feel after a hemorrhoid surgery:
- Pain in the anal area that will gradually improve, can last for 2-4 weeks
- Bleeding usually lasts 1-2 weeks after surgery, so the small amount of blood coming out is still normal
- Difficulty urinating
- Difficult to resist urination and defecation
- Constipation or difficult bowel movements
- Infection of the wound is usually marked by the appearance of pus. To prevent this, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics
The side effects of the surgery will usually improve slowly, in 2 weeks you are able to move normally. The following are some of the things you can do after surgery:
- Keep running ordinary activities such as walking
- Do not lift heavy loads
- Avoid sitting for a long time
- Take a bath as usual, but the anal area must be cleaned and dried carefully
- Drink plenty of water and eat fibrous foods
- Don’t strain too hard when defecating in a half-squat position can help remove feces
- You can do the sitz bath (soaking the anal area with warm water) for 15-20 minutes 3 times a day after bowel movements to reduce pain in the anal area and speed up the healing.
- You can compress the anal area with cold compresses several times a day to reduce swelling and pain
- Take medication from your doctor according to the instructions given
If the blood that increases and the complaints do not decrease after doing the above, you should consult a doctor. Also, don’t forget to re-control so that doctors can assess wound healing.
What Food Not To Eat After Hemorrhoid Surgery?
Not all foods are good for hemorrhoid patients. If the food is consumed it will cause constipation and make the condition worse. Some of these foods are as follows:
Spicy food can disrupt the stomach and worsen the digestive system. However, some experts are still debating this because there is conflicting research. In order to avoid things that are not desirable, you should not eat spicy foods, such as foods mixed with lots of chili or pepper.
Fat takes longer to be digested by the body than other nutrients. Therefore, fatty foods will make digestion work harder and can increase the risk of stomach pain and worsen hemorrhoid. Avoid consuming meat, liver, chicken, fish, eggs or various foods fried in oil or butter.
Replacing low-fiber foods with high-fiber foods is one of the treatments and prevention so that hemorrhoid does not recur or get worse. Examples of foods that are low in fiber are potatoes, flour other than wheat, or white rice.
In addition, pay attention to the salt intake you consume. This can cause more pressure on the blood vessels, including the veins that cause hemorrhoids if the salt is high. Taking iron supplements can also cause constipation. If other hemorrhoid symptoms appear and the condition does not improve, immediately check your health to the doctor.